Arthrosis (arthrosis deformans, osteoarthritis) is one of the "major widespread diseases" and is a synonym for wear-related joint diseases.
The most frequently affected joints are the middle and end joints of the fingers, the knee, hip and ankle joints as well as the shoulder joints.
In the activated arthrotic joint, an inflammatory stimulus leads to excessive cartilage degradation, so that anti-inflammatory substances such as cortisone can achieve a certain short-term relief of symptoms, especially swelling and effusion. Numerous studies have shown an improvement in joint function while at the same time reducing swelling and pain.
After appropriate clarification and prior sonography, the cortisone preparation is injected into the joint from the outside under strict observance of sterile work and local anaesthesia.
In exceptional cases, a cortisone injection can also be helpful for certain tendon irritations.
However, in our practice this measure of cortisone injection is rather the exception because of the many alternative therapy options available and because of the risks of complications associated with cortisone injection, and should only be reserved for severe disease progressions.
Injections into the joints can be carried out with various preparations (see also "Health services - Therapy - Hyaluronic acid therapy").